Colombia is well-known for its vast natural resources, cutting-edge cities, and diverse cultural heritage. It is also one of only 17 megadiverse countries in the world. The title describes places where the majority of Earth’s species live, including those native to Colombia.
With a total land area of 439,700 square miles, the country is slightly less than twice the size of Texas.
Colombia offers residents and visitors deserts, hills, grasslands, and the Amazon rainforest. The unique ecosystems make Colombia the third most biodiverse country in the world.
A vibrant fusion of Spanish, African, and indigenous elements shapes contemporary culture. "Joie de vivre," a saying often used to describe Colombians, speaks to their bright, charismatic, and exuberant joy of life.
Services, agriculture, and manufacturing drive Colombia's developing economy. The primary cash crop is coffee. International trade includes exporting raw materials and importing machinery and manufactured goods. The United States is Colombia's largest trading partner, and free-market forces set prices.
The World Bank classifies Colombia as an upper-middle-income economy with the following trade agreements and alliances: